On November 9, 2020, representatives from Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Russia signed a ceasefire agreement to halt the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. The agreement, known as the “Karabakh Agreement,” contains several important provisions that aim to bring peace to the region and establish a new status quo.
One of the main provisions in the Karabakh Agreement is the cessation of hostilities. The agreement calls for an immediate ceasefire, with both sides agreeing to stop all military actions and hostilities. This provision is critical in preventing further loss of life and allowing civilians to return to their homes and start rebuilding their lives.
Another major provision in the Karabakh Agreement is the deployment of Russian peacekeepers to the conflict zone. The peacekeeping mission is designed to ensure the ceasefire is respected and to provide security for civilians in the area. The deployment of Russian peacekeepers is a significant development, as Russia has historically been an important player in the region and has maintained close ties with both Azerbaijan and Armenia.
The Karabakh Agreement also calls for the exchange of prisoners of war, hostages, and other detained persons. This provision is critical in ensuring that individuals who have been detained during the conflict are released and returned to their families. The exchange of prisoners will be coordinated by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Finally, the Karabakh Agreement establishes a new status quo for the region. The agreement calls for the return of territories that were previously occupied by Armenian forces, which will be supervised by Russian peacekeepers. This provision represents a significant shift in the balance of power in the region, and it remains to be seen how it will be implemented in practice.
In summary, the Karabakh Agreement is a critical step towards ending the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. The agreement contains several important provisions, including a ceasefire, the deployment of Russian peacekeepers, the exchange of prisoners, and the establishment of a new status quo. While there are many challenges ahead, the signing of the Karabakh Agreement represents an important milestone towards peace in the region.